As we alluded to above, Budapest has a long and varied history having been settled by various tribes and empires down the years. The Romans were no exception and there are extensive remains of the settlement of Aquincum which dates from the second century AD. Aquincum was originally the capital of the Roman province of Pannonia and was an important miltary base and city housing over 40,000 people. Today, the city walls are still largely intact and visitors can also enjoy remains of homes, temples and even an amphitheatre. There is also a museum which houses various permanent and temporary exhibitions throughout the year. To get there, take the overground train (HEV) from Batthyany ter to Aquincum.